A study on the socio-economic condition and livelihood pattern of selected village Sarai toli of Namkum block of Ranchi district, Jharkhand
Pankaj Kumar Karmali
The present investigation was carried out at selected village Sarai Toli of Namkum block of Ranchi district during January-2013 to May-2013 with the help of questionnaires and interview among the selected villagers.
“DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE VILLAGE SARAI TOLI” is the very important thing that has ability to demonstrate the different kinds of status about population by sex, age wise, family types, family size, etc. Demographic profile shows the human resource of that village. Further, the youth of the village, male population, female population, old persons, and children of the village can be shown by it.
The distribution of population by sex wise and age wise was reported. The total population of the study village was found 253 in number. 129 Out of 253, was concluded male population and remaining was reported female population was 124 in number.
The various types of ethnic group were residing in the village Sarai Toli i.e. Munda, Binjhiya, Mahto, Nag, Pahan, Samasi, and Lohra. They came under schedule tribe & schedule caste.
The sex ratio of the village population was founded 96.12%. The sex ratio of Samasi community was concluded highest i.e. 200%. And very low sex ratio in Nag community was surveyed 57.14%.
The total married population for both was recorded 131(51.73%) from 253 people in Sarai Toli village.
The population distribution on the basis of family size i.e. more numbers in the range in between 3-5 members was 26 (46.93%) in number.
There were two types of home in the village i.e. 41 katcha houses and 18 packa houses. That means most of the village farmers were residing in the katcha house.
There were sources of income were basically two kinds i.e. primary source and secondary source of income. Former contents agriculture activities and the allied sectors i.e. animal husbandry and forest based non timber and minor products were helping the village people for their livelihood. And later included services, wage employment, labour, searching for the work i.e. migration and other activities such as shop. The income of each family was on average rupees 52964.29/- i.e. 2.04% of the total income per annum.
There were farmers had been categorized into four groups with their range of holding the land i.e. marginal farmer, small farmers, medium farmer, and large farmer. More percentage of farmers i.e. 40.81% was under the marginal category of the farmer.
The cultivators of paddy were almost all i.e. 45 out of 49 farmers in number. In spite of cultivation of local variety of paddy, production was found 1043 quintal of paddy last year (2012) from the 86.45 acre of cultivated land was recorded i.e. 12.06quintal of paddy/acre of land on an average.
Report writing presented the ways of expenditure of all farmers’ income in percentage (%) in approximate. More expenditure of income was found in food and agriculture i.e. 30%. The saving of income was also included here i.e. 5% of the total income.
Many plants like ber, palas, kusum etc were being utilizing as the host plans of the lac for their growth and development i.e. for lac cultivation. Tamarind, mango, saray etc. were useful in preparation of furniture for making them doors, windows, cots etc.
There was connection to different clinic, doctor, health care center, anganbari, hospitals etc. for the care of the village people in the field of health and disease treatment.
The total male in that village was 129 and total female was 124 in number. 18 male’s data out of 129 male had not been collected in it and 13 male were remaining without education i.e. illiterate. And in female, 20 female’s data about education had not been taken due to lack of information, and 49 female out of 124 were illiterate.
The literacy rate of total population of the study village Sarai Toli by name was reported including both literacy rate of total male and total female population. This indicated total literacy rate of the total people of the village that was found 60.47%.
Keywords: Socio-economic condition, Demographic study, livelihood pattern