Role and effectiveness of NGOs in Rural Development: A study on two reputed NGOs of Ranchi District of Jharkhand
Suresh Kumar Mahto
The present investigation was carried out in two NGOs villages of Angara block of Ranchi district during February-2013 to July-2013. Role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in rural development was analyzed through this investigation was completed through questionnaire and personal interview among the selected farmers. Major rural development programmes of the NGOs were agricultural programmes, health programmes, human resource development programmes, community development and industrial and trade programmes. Majority of the beneficiaries, non- beneficiaries, workers of NGOs and workers of other development agencies considered rural development works of the NGOs as effective for rural development. Studies reveal that the NGOs can play a vital role in the development. The role of state in the planning process, political parties, participation, active participation of grassroots organizations, role of donor agencies etc. are important for ensuring people participation and socio-economic development of the people. Poverty eradication, HRD, health care, environmental protection, protection of human rights, empowerment of women, child and weaker sections, ushering in silent revolution etc. are some of the importance goals of NGOs. This study was based on NGOs functions including villager’s socio–economic changes, health and sanitary condition, economic security, education and status of self-employment, increase in irrigated area, animal resources and Cropping Intensity, increase in yield of the crops under Demonstration and changes in crop management practices, the operational constraints in the functioning of NGOs and perception of the beneficiaries. However, this study also point out that expecting radical’s social change through voluntary effort is also a kind of day-dreaming and add that the socio-economic structure and states positives attitudes towards NGOs also contribute for its growing role in the development process.
Key words: Evaluative perception, Role and effectiveness of NGOs, NGOs in rural development work, transfer of technology.