Study on paddy-cum-fish farming and its economics
An investigation on the economics of paddy-fish farming system was conducted in the block of Moyna under East Midnapore district of West Bengal. The study was carried out among 35 farmers and average land holding was observed 28.34 ha. The study revealed that farmers of this respected blocks followed paddy-fish farming by simultaneous and rotation techniques. About 62.85% farmers were under the age group of 21 to 60 and their education level was below matriculation. The cost of the paddy cultivation was Rs. 32,128.30/ha., cost of the fish cultivation was Rs.1, 43,255.95 and land rent cost was Rs 245670.99. Therefore, the total cost of cultivation by this method was Rs.4, 21,055.24. Profit was estimated 60% over total income. The study also pointed out the surplus labours of the local area had better employment opportunity through this farming system.
Key words: integrated farming system, paddy-fish farming, economics, cost of cultivation