1. IMPACT OF WATERSHED MANAGEMENT ON RURAL LIVELIHOODS IN ANGARA BLOCK OF RANCHI DISTRICT ,JHARKHAND. - SUBMITTED BY AMIT RUIDAS.
From my study concluded that more ‘kachcha’ houses and less ‘pukka’ houses present there. In the educational prospects primary (high), illiterate (medium), secondary (semi medium) and graduates (very less). Some farmers got training about general agriculture, organic agriculture, bee keeping and lac etc. from DKVK. Most of farmers had farming experience and they were under marginal farmers. In the study area joint family was less than nulear family, in population adult and females was more but females are not only more but also in rearing of animals and males were working more in agriculture, horticulture, fishery etc compare to females. To fulfil their needs wells were the main source of irrigation and drinking water supply, but solar pump was the main source of drinking water in Burakocha village, from tube wells few peoples were got drinking water because in summer water level was low, and few peoples has ponds in Burakocha village for fishery & their own land irrigation purpose.Agriculture is the main source of income (for more income), others being animal rearing,horticulture, fishery and lac etc. In agriculture context rabi season crop production was highly productive and profitable, then kharif and for water scarcity zaid was the low profitable season compare to another season. In kharif season, crops were cow pea, paddy,maize, black gram and pigeon pea, respectively. In rabi reason, crops were cabbage, potato,cauliflower, tomato, check pea, wheat and pigeon pea, respectively. And in zaid season,average yield crops were ridge gourd, tomato, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber, and paddy,respectively.In horticulture, mango, banana, jack fruit, litchi and papaya etc plants were produce more fruits, they sold something but it is used for home consumption. In animal husbandry most of the animals were kept for home consumption for their livelihoods promotion.Lastly represent that response about increased safe drinking water (80%), increased irrigation facility (85%), increased in green coverage (100%), increased in animal production (95%), More rainfall (100%), good health status (68.33%), increased crop production (81.66%), increased livelihood opportunity (88.33%), better living condition (70%).
2. MARKET STUDY OF HONEY IN RANCHI DISTRICT OF JHARKHAND. - SUBMITTED BY DIVYANDU ADAK
This study focused on market analysis of Honey in Ranchi district. For this study 21 producers, 11 wholesalers and 7 retailers were taken as sample by snowball method of sampling. Data were collected through pretested schedule and analysed by different techniques like percentage, total marketing cost, marketing margin, producer’s share in consumer rupee, Shepherd’s approach, and Acharya approach. All the analysis were carried out on the basis of the production from 100 bee-box. There were 3 types of
beekeepers – small (<50 bee-box), medium (50-100 bee-box) and large (>100 bee-box) according to their bee-box holding. Among them, medium beekeepers were in highest strength (47.62%). Two channels regarding marketing of honey were identified in the study area- one was producer to wholesaler to retailer (and sometime few wholesalers acted as retailers) and this is considered in the study and another channel is producer to Divyayan KVK but the constraint is that Divyayan accepts honey of their own trainees exclusively. Regarding production cost of honey the beekeepers of the present study area bore very less amount of fixed cost in comparison with ideal practice. The marketing cost incurred by producers was higher in second channel that was nearly twice of the first channel but net return of farmers in second channel was also twice of first channel. Wholesaler was absent in second channel. Again marketing cost incurred by retailers was higher in second channel and marketing margin was lower in second channel. Marketing efficiency was higher in second channel (4.97 by Shepherd approach and 1.01 by Acharya approach) than first channel (4.13 by Shepherd approach and 0.38 by Acharya approach) and producer’s share in consumer rupee was also higher in second channel (57.95%) than first channel (31.13%). Hence second channel is more efficient.
3. IMPACT OF ALTERNATIVE IRRIGATION SYSTEMS ON CROPPING PATTERN OF SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS IN RANCHI DISTRICT OF JHARKHAND.- SUBMITTED BY SANGITA MAITY.
The present investigation was carried out at two villages of Tirlakocha and Piprabera of Angara block, district of Ranchi. During March 2019 to June 2019. This investigation was completed through questionnaire and personal interview among the selected households. This study was completed for the impact of alternative irrigation systems in cropping of small and marginal farmers.The project report indicates about the impact of gravity irrigation on farming system. It also reports their socio economic structure, livelihood, cropping pattern after or before gravitational irrigation systems, requirements of water and constraints.Now day’s gravity irrigation system has very popular all over the hilly region due to its uses, a source of high income, suitable for rural and tribal people of Jharkhand. scientifically it provides high yield and reduce risk. Farmers got training from Ramakrishna Mission for better agricultural practice due to gravity irrigation.Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Divyayan Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Morabadi, Ranchi – 834008, plays a very important role in developing of gravity irrigation system in many villages of Jharkhand.
4. IMPACT OF COOPERATIVE MILK COLLECTION CAMP ON SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF FARMERS IN HOOGHLY DISTRICT OF WEST BENGAL- SUBMITTED BY SANTANU SANA
The study examined the impact of cooperative milk collection camp on socio-economic conditions of farmers in Hooghly district of West Bengal. The farmers cooperatively collect milk in the cooperative milk collection camp namely Bholanath Dairy and collected milk were sent to Arambagh chilling plant. The primary data were collected from 60 cooperative farmers and 10 agricultural farmers through purposive random sampling method. For identifying the extent of coverage of the camp cooperative secondary data were collected from the camp secretary. The findings showed that in a small duration a huge number of farmers had attached with this camp. Now this camp covers 7 villages of 402 milk farmers and total milk collected in last 6 months was 216000 liters. Most of the milk producing farmers under the collection camp were from Chiladangi and Haruah villages because those are the adjoin villages of the collection camp. The average herd size per family was 1.28 for local cow and 0.92 for crossbreed cow. In costs and returns section of milk production, the major items of variable costs incurred were feed which includes green fodder, dry fodder concentrates and grains. The total variable cost incurred by dairy farmer per animal per year was ₹30894.00. The major items of fixed cost of dairy farm is depreciation on animals and depreciation of building. The total cost was ₹34491.55. The gross return obtained per animal per year was ₹51450.00. Lack of technical facility, high cost of cattle feed, improper grading; measurement & timings of milk collection in the camp were the major problems of the dairy farmers. The study farther showed that the families which were attached with dairy activities side by side of agriculture generated more income than solo agricultural families. It also found that the number of dairy farmer decreased in the cooperative milk collection camp with the increase of distance. So this model might be started in every villages. There was also a scope for reduction in cost of milk production by using modern methods and technologies of dairy farming that was completely absent in the study area.
5.INTEGRATED VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING OF RANGAMATI VILLAGE,ANGARA BLOCK OF JHARKHAND.-SUBMITTED BY SARTHI KUMARI
Result and Discussion
The present study entitled as “Study on Integrated Village Development Planning of a village of Angara block, Jharkhand. The study was carried out in one village named Rangamati under the Ranchi district, Angara block. The survey was done during April-May, 2019 with the help of questionnaire schedules and interview among the selected 80 Tribal Households. The findings of the study are furnished below with the aid of different tables, figures and charts etc.Details of head of the households were represented on Figure 1. It was evident from the figure that out of 80 surveyed sample household, 80.00% of head of the households belong Male where as 20.00% of head of the households were female member. In case of educational status, 43.75% of head of the households were illiterate and up to class 5th passed, are very higher than all, whereas 12.50 % of head of the households were up to class 10th. It was found that there were no any head of the households who completed Intermediate, Graduation or Post Graduation. Highest illiterate and up to 5th class passed out indicate that educational facilities and interest among head of the households for education were very low.
It is evident from the figure 3 social category of sample households that 52 % of households were belonged to the Scheduled Tribes category whereas 48% of sample households were Scheduled caste category